The study of English contributes to the development of literate individuals capable of critical and creative thinking, aesthetic appreciation and creativity. This study also develops students’ ability to create and analyse texts, moving from interpretation to reflection and critical analysis. Through engagement with texts from the contemporary world and from the past, and using texts from Australia and from other cultures, students studying English become confident, articulate and critically aware communicators and further develop a sense of themselves, their world and their place within it. English helps equip students for participation in a democratic society and the global community.
This study builds on the learning established through AusVELS English in the key discipline concepts of language, literature and literacy, and the language modes of listening, speaking, reading, viewing and writing. It enables students to:
extend their English language skills through thinking, listening, speaking, reading, viewing and writing
enhance their understanding, enjoyment and appreciation of the English language in its written, spoken and multimodal forms
analyse and discuss a range of texts from different periods, styles, genres and contexts
understand how culture, values and context underpin the construction of texts and how this can affect meaning and interpretation
understand how ideas are presented by analysing form, purpose, context, structure and language
analyse their own and others’ texts, and make relevant connections to themselves, their community and the world
convey ideas, feelings, observations and information effectively in written, spoken and multimodal forms to a range of audiences
recognise the role of language in thinking and expression of ideas
demonstrate in the creation of their own written, spoken and multimodal texts an ability to make informed choices about the construction of texts in relation to purpose, audience and context
think critically about the ideas and arguments of others and the use of language to persuade and influence audiences
extend their use of the conventions of Standard Australian English with assurance, precision, vitality and confidence in a variety of contexts, including for further study, the work place and their own needs and interests
extend their competence in planning, creating, reviewing and editing their texts for precision and clarity, tone and stylistic effect.
In this unit students read and respond to texts analytically and creatively. They analyse arguments and the use of persuasive language in texts.
1. Reading and Creating Texts
In this area of study students identify, discuss and analyse how the features of selected texts create meaning and how they influence interpretation. In identifying and analysing explicit and implied ideas and values in texts, students examine the ways in which readers are invited to respond to texts. They develop and justify their own detailed interpretations of texts.
Students prepare sustained analytical interpretations of selected texts, discussing how features of the texts create meaning and using textual evidence to support their responses. They use planning and drafting to test and clarify their ideas, and editing to produce clear and coherent expression. They craft their writing for convincing and effective presentation.
Students present sustained creative responses to selected texts, demonstrating their understanding of the world of the texts and how texts construct meaning. In developing a creative response they explore issues of purpose and audience and make key choices about structure, conventions and language. They develop a credible and effective voice and style and use the chosen features of the selected text, for example characters, narrative or dialogue, to offer an interpretation of the selected text. They produce and share drafts, practising the skills of revision, editing and refining for stylistic and imaginative effect.
2. Analysing and Presenting Argument
In this area of study students analyse and compare the use of argument and language in texts that debate a topical issue. The texts must have appeared in the media since 1 September of the previous year. Students read and view media texts in a variety of forms, including print, non-print and multimodal, and develop their understanding of the way in which language and argument complement one another in positioning the reader.
Considering information about the purpose, audience and context of a text, students explore the argument of a persuasive piece, and the way written, spoken and visual language is used. In considering these, students examine the ways that persuasive language is used to express an argument and how this may strengthen or detract from the intended impact of a text.
Students develop written and spoken critical analyses of the use of argument and language in written, spoken, and/or multimodal texts, including analysis of the quality of the reasoning presented and the use of features intended to position audiences. They compare different written texts presenting argument on similar ideas or issues, considering different ways authors use language to express arguments. They produce drafts and practise the skills of revision and editing for clarity and coherence in analysis and accuracy in the use of language.
In this area of study students build their understanding of both the analysis and construction of texts that attempt to influence audiences. They use their knowledge of argument and persuasive language as a basis for the development of their own persuasive texts in relation to a topical issue that has appeared in the media since 1 September of the previous year.
In this unit students compare the presentation of ideas, issues and themes in texts. They create an oral presentation intended to position audiences about an issue currently debated in the media.
1. Reading and Comparing Texts
In this area of study students explore the meaningful connections between two texts. They analyse texts, including the interplay between character and setting, voice and structure, and how ideas, issues and themes are conveyed. By comparing the texts, they gain a deeper understanding of the ideas, issues and themes that reflect the world and human experiences.
Students produce a written analysis comparing selected texts, discussing important similarities and differences and exploring how the texts deal with similar or related ideas, issues or themes from different perspectives to reflect particular values. Through discussion and preparatory drafting they compare in detail the ideas encountered in the texts and the features of the texts on which the comparison is based. They use planning and drafting to test and clarify their ideas, and edit for clear and coherent expression of them. They apply the conventions of written analysis and textual evidence. They draft, revise and edit for clarity, coherence and technical accuracy, and refine for effective presentation of the insights gained through comparison.
2. Presenting Argument
This area of study focuses on the construction of persuasive texts. Students use their understanding of argument and language as the basis for the development of an oral presentation of their points of view. Students draw on their knowledge to express their viewpoints through arguments and persuasive language selected specifically to position an audience.
Students use discussion and writing to clarify their thinking and develop a viewpoint on an issue, to plan and prepare an argument and its supporting evidence, and to develop and prepare any materials to support an oral presentation. Students identify approaches to positioning the audience that are appropriate to the issue. Students also consider how oral conventions may be used to influence the audience and refine these through rehearsal. Students develop, test and practise argument, critically analysing their own developing text. Students reflect on their intentions in positioning the reader and consider how their use of language expresses their argument. They explore options for language use for audience engagement and persuasive effect. They use the conventions of spoken texts appropriately, draw on evidence soundly and include accurate acknowledgment.
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of the Year 12 course.